Outlook 2013 uses the XLIST or LIST-ENHANCED command to get the Sent, Deleted, and Junk mail folder names from the IMAP server. Although you can no longer change the folders in Outlook, many IMAP servers let you select the folder to use. You'll need to log into your account's web interface to make the change.
This screenshot is from RoundCube but other popular Linux IMAP servers are similar. Check the Settings for a Special Folder option.
Select the folders you want to use for the special folders and Outlook will use them.
GMail does not let you set the special folders. In my experience, Outlook will use the Gmail folders.
You should change how Outlook handles sent items in More Settings, Advanced. Gmail will save a copy of the sent item automatically, so you should select the option for Do not save a copy of sent items for this account. (More Settings is at File, Account Settings, then double click on Gmail account).
Gmail lets you control what happens when you delete an item in an IMAP client. Look in the Forwarding and POP/IMAP options.
GoDaddy IMAP accounts
GoDaddy does not have an option to set the special folders. Outlook 2013 should use the correct folders.
Accessing Exchange server using IMAP
Exchange accounts accessed using the IMAP protocol should use the correct folders. If your Outlook folders are using non-English names, try this.
- Unsubscribe all IMAP Folders. You may have to do this using Telnet, because Outlook won't unsubscribe the special folders.
- Login to Outlook Web Access. Open Options and switch OWA to English. Let it rename the default folders, then switch back to your language without renaming the folders.
- Delete the Outlook Profile using Control Panel, Mail.
- Restart Outlook and create a new Profile. The Special Folders will not be recognized.
- Subscribe to the (English) special folders.
- Delete the Outlook Profile again
- Create a new Profile.